By Sarah Brenner, JD
Director of Retirement Education
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It is December. The halls are decked, and Starbucks holiday cups are everywhere. The end of the year is not far away. That means the deadline is near for taking a required minimum distribution (RMD). Here is what you need to know if you have your own IRA or if you are an IRA beneficiary.
The SECURE Act and SECURE 2.0 have delayed the age for RMDs. In 2023, if you have an IRA (including a SEP or SIMPLE IRA) and you are age 73 or older this year you must take an RMD by December 31. Roth IRA owners catch a break. No RMDs are required during your lifetime if you have a Roth IRA.
Your Inherited IRA
If you have an inherited IRA, you may need to take an RMD by December 31, 2023. While Roth IRA owners do not ever need to take RMDs, Roth IRA beneficiaries do.
After the SECURE Act, many beneficiaries find themselves subject to a 10-year payout. Under IRS proposed regulations, some beneficiaries of traditional IRAs subject to the 10-year rule must also take annual RMDs.
This has caused great confusion and, as a result, the IRS has granted some relief. In 2022, the IRS issued Notice 2022-53, which waived penalties for missed 2021 and 2022 RMDs within the 10-year period. Notice 2023-54 extends the penalty waiver to cover missed 2023 RMDs within the 10–year period. These missed RMDs within the 10-year period will not have to be made up.
Notice 2023-54 does not affect lifetime RMDs, inherited IRAs by eligible designated beneficiaries (EDBs), or RMDs by beneficiaries who inherited before 2020. If you fall into one of these categories as a beneficiary, you must still take your RMD for 2023 by December 31, 2023.
The Clock is Ticking
If you need to take a 2023 RMD from your IRA, the clock is ticking. It is best to get it done sooner rather than later. Many IRA custodians have earlier internal deadlines. There is no reason to wait until the last minute because that is when things can go wrong.
Remember, there is no credit for distributions taken in prior years. Make sure if you are a beneficiary that you take any required 2023 RMD, especially Roth IRA beneficiaries. These RMDs are often missed. Double check your RMD transactions by year end to be sure everything was done correctly.
Every year, people miss RMDs. The result can be a 25% penalty on the amount not taken. Don’t let this happen to you. Now is the time to hustle and take your 2023 RMD, if you haven’t already.